What are the Stages of Gum Disease?

Periodontal disease (gum disease) can have a serious impact on your oral health and your overall well-being. It’s important to be aware of the signs and stages of gum disease so you can receive treatment from your cosmetic dentist in Montreal as soon as possible.

What Is Periodontal Disease?

Gum disease is an infection that is caused by plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that constantly forms on teeth. Periodontal disease can eventually damage the gums and the bone surrounding the teeth and lead to gum recession, loose teeth and even tooth loss. If plaque is not regularly removed with daily rinsing, flossing and brushing and visiting your cosmetic dentist in Montreal for regular checkups and cleanings, tartar forms below and above the gumline, which can cause decay and lead to advanced periodontitis.

Stages of Gum Disease

  1. Gingivitis

Gingivitis is usually painless and is the only stage of periodontal disease that is reversible. In this early stage of gum disease, there is build up of plaque and bacteria, but no irreversible bone tissue damage has yet occurred. It can usually be halted by practicing a good daily oral hygiene routine and seeing your cosmetic dentist in Montreal for regular cleanings and checkups. If your gums become inflamed or you notice blood while brushing, make an appointment at your Westmount dental clinic right away.

  1. Periodontitis

At this stage, the infection irreversibly damages the supporting bone and fibers that hold your teeth in place. Pockets may begin to form below the gumline, trapping food and plaque. This stage of gum disease is not reversible, but it is manageable with proper home care and regular dental visits. Your cosmetic dentist in Montreal may recommend a scaling and root planing (deep cleaning) to remove bacteria and debris from under the gums. Signs of periodontitis include red, swollen, bleeding gums, bad breath, receding gums and loosening teeth.

  1. Advanced Periodontal Disease

In addition to bone loss, advanced periodontal disease can cause red, swollen gums that ooze pus, cold sensitivity, painful chewing, and severe halitosis.  At this advanced stage, gum disease can cause teeth to shift or even fall out and lead to serious health problems. Depending on the depth of the pockets that form at this stage, bacteria may even begin to attack your bloodstream and immune system. Treatment may involve periodontal surgery or laser therapy.

It’s important to keep in mind that it is possible to have gum disease with no symptoms or warning signs. That’s why it’s vital to practice a consistent hygiene routine and visit your cosmetic dentist in Montreal regularly to keep on top of your oral health.